Which Canon Camera Do You Own?
Before you purchase a lens, you should work out which Canon lenses are suitable along with your digicam. The overwhelming majority of shoppers will likely be taking a look at EF-S and EF lenses, that are suitable with SLRs that use the APS-C sensor format. This contains the consumer-oriented Rebel sequence, in addition to midrange our bodies just like the EOS 80D.
To confuse issues a bit extra, Canon would not use the Rebel branding outdoors of North America. In Japan the sequence is known as Kiss, and in Europe Canon makes use of mannequin numbers with a three- or four-digit designation—the EOS 1500D and 800D are two examples. For the remainder of the article, we’ll be referring to those as APS-C SLRs, simply to simplify issues. These cameras can use EF-S and EF lenses.
Canon’s different client line is the EOS M mirrorless sequence. As with Rebel, it makes use of an APS-C sensor, however as a result of its lens mount would not permit room for a mirrorbox or optical viewfinder, it has to make use of completely different lenses. It is suitable with EF-M glass, however can use EF-S and EF lenses through an adapter.
Although there’s nothing stopping an fanatic from shopping for one, we nonetheless consider full-frame cameras as these geared towards professionals. Canon has two full-frame programs. Its long-established SLR system makes use of EF lenses solely.
It additionally has a full-frame mirrorless system, launched this yr. In a shocking transfer, Canon opted to develop a completely new lens mount, as an alternative of sharing a design with its current APS-C sequence. There’s just one digicam out at this level, the EOS R. It can mount RF lenses natively, however is suitable with each EF and EF-S lenses through an adapter.
It needs to be famous that, whereas lenses aren’t totally cross-compatible, many equipment are. If you’ve a contemporary Canon Speedlite flash you should use it with any of the corporate’s present programs, assuming your digicam has a sizzling shoe, and all however a couple of do.
What to Look for in a Lens
Now that you understand what sort of digicam you’ve, the following step is to determine what sort of lens you need. If you acquire a client mannequin you most likely began with a really primary zoom, which simply screams for an improve.
If you’ve an APS-C digicam you may have to consider lenses in a barely completely different means than full-frame prospects. Because of the smaller sensor dimension, the 18mm wide-angle finish of most kitted zooms is not almost as wide-angle as an 18mm full-frame lens. Instead, it is nearer to a 28mm—nonetheless huge, however to not the purpose the place it shatters views. With any system, a decrease quantity means a wider angle of view.
You can put a full-frame lens on an APS-C digicam and easily get pleasure from a tighter angle of view than you’ll when paired with a bigger sensor. But the opposite means would not work. Canon EF-S lenses can not mount to full-frame EF SLRs, though they’ll work with an EOS R through an adapter. For stills you may have to shoot at diminished sensor dimension and determination, however utilizing EF-S glass on the EOS R is sensible for 4K video—it solely makes use of the APS-C space of the sensor when recording footage at most decision. But, for probably the most half, there are too many drawbacks to utilizing a lens designed for APS-C programs with a full-frame mannequin for something however this state of affairs.
There are causes to make use of full-frame lenses on smaller sensors, particularly should you get pleasure from photographing distant topics. You’ll get somewhat bit of additional attain because of the denser pixel designs of most APS-C sensors, which is a plus should you’re attempting to lock in on the quarterback or obtain deal with a double-breasted cormorant popping its head out of the water to chow down on a fish.
Aside from the focal size, you may need to have a look at the f-stop. The decrease the quantity, the extra mild the lens can seize. A lens can all the time be set dimmer—when you have an f/2.8 zoom you’ll be able to set it to shoot at f/4 or f/5.6 to get extra depth of subject in a shot, for instance—however you’ll be able to’t open up an f/4 zoom to f/2.8, it simply would not work that means.
Image stabilization (IS) is one other factor to buy. At press time, Canon would not make an interchangeable lens digicam with its personal in-body picture stabilization (IBIS) system. Not each lens is stabilized—for some, like ultra-wide zooms and really brilliant prime lenses, it is merely not sensible or completely crucial. But should you’re buying between a lens with IS and one with out, the one with IS is often a more sensible choice, particularly should you plan on utilizing it for handheld video seize.
Finally, listen and ensure the lens you are shopping for has autofocus—assuming you need it, and most shoppers will. Pros will know when to make use of autofocus lenses and when to guide focus. The latter is well-liked for video productions the place there is a devoted digicam operator to drag focus, in addition to for some ultra-wide and macro lens designs.
There are some ways to go when shopping for a lens, so we have damaged them down by class.
Upgrade Your Kit Lens
A package lens is an effective way to get began with a digicam. Kit lenses sometimes provide a really stable zoom vary for household snapshots and portraits, and so they do not add quite a lot of value to the digicam. On the opposite hand, the truth that they do not add quite a lot of value to the digicam means there are sometimes some compromises.
The massive one is often the f-stop—the starter lens usually has a slender f/3.5-5.6 design, which signifies that it will probably’t collect as a lot mild when zoomed in because it does when zoomed out. With f/5.6 you’ll be able to count on to make use of the flash to compensate.
There are brighter choices on the market, and should you’re proud of the vary your 18-55mm offers you, however need higher photographs, a brand new customary zoom is the primary lens it is best to take into consideration. Canon SLR homeowners have a wealth of choices, in each the APS-C and full-frame codecs. For Rebel homeowners we just like the Sigma 17-70mm F2.8-4, which sells for round $500 and is an enormous improve over an 18-55mm. But there are different methods to go, together with zooms that do not collect extra mild, however are higher constructed and have an extended vary. We’ve chosen a few of our favorites and highlighted them under.
Top EF-S Mount Standard Zoom Lenses
If you’ve got opted for Canon’s EF-M APS-C mirrorless system, you may discover your selections are fewer. Sure, you should use SLR lenses with an adapter, however that provides some bulk—and also you most likely purchased an EOS M digicam due to its dimension, and the small dimension of its lenses. We’ve highlighted all the customary zoom choices for the EF-M mount under.
Top EF-M Mount Standard Zoom Lenses
Canon’s long-established full-frame system has a wealth of ordinary zoom choices, from Canon and others. You most likely did not begin with a variable aperture zoom—though Canon does make one, the EF 24-105mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM, which is typically bundled with the entry-level EOS 6D Mark II full-frame digicam.
So as an alternative of mulling an improve, many full-frame consumers are going to be searching for a primary lens. Your greatest wager is to establish what sort of aperture and zoom vary you need. You can go for the true professional zoom, the 24-70mm f/2.8—should you’re taking pictures weddings and different occasions in tough mild, the f/2.8 aperture is an enormous plus. But for lower than professional use, an f/4 zoom will just do nice, and you may get one with an extended 24-105mm vary.
The RF mirrorless system could be very new, and solely has two native zooms on sale right now. You can go for the RF 24-105mm F4 L IS USM or the RF 28-70mm F2 L USM. The former is designed for the lots—it is a sensible, moderately priced lens. The RF 28-70mm is a type of area of interest merchandise that is positive to change into a favourite of wedding ceremony and portrait shooters due to its brilliant f/2 design. Until the system is extra constructed out, homeowners should depend on adapters to increase their choices.
Top EF Mount Standard Zoom Lenses
Go Wide, Really Wide
One of the explanations to go for an interchangeable lens digicam over, say, your smartphone, is the flexibility to vary your perspective—actually change it. One means is to go along with a lens with an ultra-wide angle. For APS-C shooters which means one that may begin as huge as 8mm, roughly equal to a 13mm full-frame lens.
There are extra choices accessible for EF-S cameras than for EF-M mirrorless fashions. Canon solely sells one huge zoom for EF-M right now, the EF-M 11-22mm f/4-5.6 IS STM. If you need to go wider, or get a zoom with a brighter f-stop, you may have to resort to an adapter.
Top EF-S Mount Wide-Angle Lenses
Full-frame homeowners can go wider—Canon has a zoom that begins at 11mm, wider than some other lens on the market, discounting fish-eye designs. But there are additionally extra reasonable huge zooms, beginning within the 16mm or 17mm vary, and stable third-party choices to fill within the gaps, or avoid wasting cash, when put next with Canon’s choices. Owners of the mirrorless EOS R are going to have to make use of an tailored lens in the intervening time to go wider than 24mm.
Top EF Mount Wide-Angle Lenses
Get the Fish-Eye Look
What’s wider than huge? Fish-eye, in fact. Canon would not have a ton of native choices—only one zoom, the EF 8-15mm. It’s a flexible lens as it will probably mount to any Canon SLR, and both mirrorless system utilizing the suitable adapter. But as a part of the corporate’s premium L sequence, it is not a finances possibility. We’ve highlighted it, in addition to another extra inexpensive fish-eyes, under. The finances choices are guide focus, however for probably the most half you’ll be able to set a lens to infinity and snap away in guide mode and get crisp photographs when capturing such a large swath of the world.
Top EF Mount Fish-Eye Lenses
Photograph Distant Subjects
Telephoto lenses are used to carry distant topics into view. They are the bread and butter of many disciplines of images, with longer lenses used for a lot of sorts of sports activities and wildlife seize, and shorter telezooms, notably the long-lasting 70-200mm f/2.8 design, discovering their means into the bag of virtually each working photographer.
There are a couple of telezooms designed particularly for APS-C SLRs. Most are mild, cheap designs, however often you discover an outlier. The Sigma 50-100mm F1.8 is an instance of a premium, APS-C devoted zoom with an aperture brilliant sufficient to be used in very dim mild. Most designs for Rebel and comparable cameras are slender aperture designs—nice to be used open air, however not in dimmer mild.
Again, Canon EOS M customers are left with a somewhat scant choice—simply the EF-M 55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM. To get a brighter lengthy zoom, system homeowners should use a lens adapter.
Top EF-S Mount Telephoto Lenses
There’s nothing stopping APS-C consumers from shopping for a full-frame telezoom. You’ll profit from some further attain, courtesy of the smaller sensor, and you will have extra selections in order for you a lens with a big, brilliant aperture.
Full-frame telephoto lenses can value as little as a couple of hundred , and vary as much as over $10,000 for the actually unique glass the highest sports activities shooters use. We’ve examined a bunch, starting from cheap choices just like the 100-400mm from Tamron, to the massive Sigma 500mm F4.
This is one other space the place EOS R homeowners should store for an tailored lens. There’s actually no draw back to that, although, apart from the price of the adapter. While lens designers are capable of make wide-angle optics for mirrorless smaller and lighter than comparable ones for SLRs, there’s a bonus to having a really quick distance between the rear of the lens and sensor—the identical will not be true for a telezoom. A 70-200mm F2.8 for an SLR typically carries about the identical bulk as one for a mirrorless system.
Top EF Mount Telephoto Lenses
Work in Low Light
One of the explanations you purchase an enormous digicam is to seize images in mild the place your smartphone simply stares at you within the face and laughs. But the f/3.5-5.6 starter zoom will not be going to get the job carried out. They additionally allow you to blur the background behind your topic, giving images that SLR look. Of course, trendy smartphones can mimic this, however the characteristic usually falls aside in dim mild—strive getting your iPhone portrait mode to work in a dim room and you will find that the expertise is way lower than magical.
There aren’t quite a lot of devoted, brilliant primes on the market for APS-C programs. Canon simply needed to make a pair for its EOS M system—the 22mm f/2, which debuted with the primary M, and the lately introduced EF-M 32mm f/1.4 STM.
For Rebel SLR homeowners, the choices are even much less—it is actually simply the EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM, which is kind of small and cheap. Its f/2.8 aperture is not almost as brilliant as an f/2 or f/1.4 lens, which seize twice or 4 occasions the sunshine respectively. I like a third-party possibility, the Sigma 30mm F1.4 DC HSM Art, which pairs completely with an APS-C sensor, however is not designed for full-frame.
This signifies that each APS-C and full-frame system homeowners will likely be buying from the identical pool of selections with regards to a brilliant lens. I sometimes recommend a 28mm or 35mm prime to APS-C shooters, as inexpensive choices can be found in each focal lengths, and both could be a nice all-around lens to your digicam.
The 50mm focal size has lengthy been thought of the usual angle for full-frame programs. It’s additionally the longest lens we’ll discuss right here—whenever you transfer to tighter angles of view, we begin to discuss instruments extra geared towards portraiture as the primary use case. It’s additionally one of many causes I do not suggest APS-C homeowners purchase Canon’s cheap 50mm f/1.8 as a go-to low-light lens. Nicknamed the Nifty Fifty, it is a nice selection for portraits, however not as versatile an on a regular basis prime when paired with an APS-C sensor.
System homeowners prepared to pay professional costs can get pleasure from some glass that is distinctive to the Canon system. It provides 50mm f/1.2 primes each for its SLRs and RF mirrorless mounts, and goes as brilliant as f/1.4 for different well-liked focal lengths. Third-party choices are plentiful, so you may get a superb lens for lots of lower than what Canon prices. We’ve highlighted our favorite prime lenses under.
Top EF Mount Standard Prime Lenses
Capture Gorgeous Portraits
What makes a lens a portrait lens? We have a look at the focal size (longer than 50mm) and aperture (positively f/2 or brighter). This offers you the flexibility to border your topic tightly, however with out standing too shut. Anyone who has shot a close-up headshot will perceive how a digicam can distort a face at shut distances.
For full-frame programs, the portrait vary begins round 85mm and ranges by means of 135mm. Anything longer is a bit too lengthy. Of course, guidelines are supposed to be damaged—you’ll be able to seize beautiful environmental portraits, showcasing the world round your topic, with a wider lens, and there’s completely nothing stopping you from standing throughout the road and capturing a head-and-shoulders shot with a 500mm. Those simply aren’t the standard use circumstances.
APS-C customers can select from these identical lenses for his or her portrait wants, however actually, the EF 50mm f/1.8 is a nice possibility for each Rebel and EOS M cameras, particularly for finances consumers.
Top EF Mount Portrait Lenses
Don’t Forget the Small Stuff
Let’s speak macro. Close-up focus is a superb instrument to spotlight the little issues on the planet. Whether it is the textures on a rocky wall, or a cooperative insect, having an excellent macro lens in your gear bag allows you to hone in on the small stuff.
There are a couple of APS-C macro lenses within the Canon library. Rebel SLR homeowners can use the EF-S 35mm f/2.8 Macro IS STM, which features a built-in mild that will help you get higher macros with out an exterior flash, or the older, extra primary EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro USM.
EOS M customers have a single native macro possibility proper now, the EF-M 28mm f/3.5 Macro IS STM. Despite a shorter focal size, it is able to larger than life-size magnification, and in addition sports activities an built-in mild.
Likewise, there is just one macro for the EOS R right now, the RF 35mm f/1.8 Macro IS STM. It provides full-frame protection, 1:2 life-size magnification, and picture stabilization. But it would not have an built-in mild on the entrance, which looks like a missed alternative.
The bulk of the macros accessible for the system are full-frame designs, with EF mount. Our favourite is the Tamron SP 90mm Macro, because it provides unimaginable decision and worth, and picture stabilization. We’ve highlighted it, in addition to another superb choices, under.
Top EF Mount Macro Lenses
While some photographers method the self-discipline with a purely inventive eye, others are extra technically minded. Architectural images, like structure itself, is a melding of the Yes, a constructing will be lovely, but when it would not stand up to excessive winds or an earthquake effectively, it is not a lot of a constructing.
So, whether or not you are making your approach to Barcelona to seize the works of Gaudi, or are extra of a Frank Lloyd Wright sort, a lens with shift and tilt actions is an enormous plus. These specialty instruments—all purely guide focus—assist you to shift the lens in any course, so you do not have to tilt your digicam as much as get all of a tall constructing in body and introduce the keystone distortion impact into photographs.
They additionally assist you to tilt the aircraft of focus. Want to a topic at an angle, however preserve the topic totally in focus? Applying a little bit of tilt makes it potential. You may use wider tilt lenses for inventive impact. The hottest approach is making use of tilt to a large scene, which blurs sides and makes the actual world seem as if it’s a diorama—many cameras mimic the look with a Miniature Effect artwork filter.
We have not reviewed all of Canon’s tilt-shift lenses, however have highlighted the handful we have examined under. Other focal size choices from Canon embody 17, 24, 45, and 50mm. The Samyang lens we have included is likely one of the few third-party tilt-shift choices on the market, and whereas I would not suggest it over the equal Canon for skilled work, it is a nice means for hobbyists to get their toes moist.
These lenses are solely accessible within the EF mount, so you may want to make use of adapters to make use of them with a mirrorless digicam.
Top EF Mount Tilt-Shift Lenses
For the Art School Crowd
If none of those lenses tickle your fancy, you are most likely somebody who thinks barely outdoors the field—so perhaps your lens ought to match your character. Think about one thing with imperfect optics, loopy trying bokeh, and different quirks that can give your photographs a selected character.
In latest years there was a motion to recreate classic optics for contemporary programs. Lomography led the cost with its New Petzval sequence, however is not alone. Rival Lensbaby, which has a protracted historical past of creating all guide, tilting portrait lenses, has additionally jumped into the fray with the gentle focus Velvet sequence and different choices.
If you need a lens that stands out from the gang, and captures photographs that do too, take into consideration going off the crushed path. These are solely accessible in EF, so you may want adapters for mirrorless.
Use Your Dollars Wisely
When you are searching for a lens to your Canon system you’ll be able to spend as little as 100 and alter, or upwards of $10,000. It’s often higher to overspend a bit and get a lens that is somewhat greater than you want, versus getting one which’s lower than your customary. But take time, learn some evaluations, and work out what’s the appropriate match to your digicam and your work.
You might discover an exterior flash is a greater subsequent step to your work, as it would illuminate topics far more pleasingly than your digicam’s built-in strobe. If you purchase a Canon Speedlite you will not have to fret about compatibility. If you go for a third-party flash ensure that it is for Canon and helps E-TTL—if it would not you may want to regulate its energy manually.
For extra assistance on getting higher images out of your digicam, take a look at some ideas, aimed toward newcomers. We’ve additionally put collectively some for extra superior photographers, in addition to guides to photographing fireworks, lightning, and on the spot images.